New Word Detection and Tagging on Chinese Twitter Stream


Authors: Yuzhi Liang, Pengcheng Yin, and S.M. Yiu

Volume 32 (2017)

Abstract


Twitter becomes one of the critical channels for disseminat- ing up-to-date information. The volume of tweets can be huge. It is desirable to have an automatic system to analyze tweets. The obstacle is that Twitter users usually invent new words using non-standard rules that appear in a burst within a short period of time. Existing new word detection methods are not able to identify them effectively. Even if the new words can be identi ed, it is difficult to understand their meanings. In this paper, we focus on Chinese Twitter. There are no natural word delimiters in a sentence, which makes the problem more difficult. To solve the problem, we rst introduce a method of detecting new words in Chinese twitter using a statistical approach without relying on training data for which the availability is limited. Then, we derive two tagging algorithms based on two aspects, namely word distance and word vector angle, to tag these new words using known words, which would provide a basis for subsequent automatic interpretation. We show the effectiveness of our algorithms using real data in twitter and although we focus on Chinese, the approach could be applied to other Kanji based languages languages.